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Merden Castle, Hants

Brief Description

View of Merdon Castle in 1785.

Subject Date

1785

Creator

S Sparrow
S Hooper

Owner

Hampshire Library and Information Service

Contributor

Hampshire Library and Information Service

Full Description

The date of the castle is exactly known. It was built by Henry de Blois, Bishop of Winchester, in 1138 on a strategic site defending Winchester. It had a short active existence, slighted in 1155 by order of Henry II after the wars of King Stephen's reign. For the next 300 years the castle served as one of the palaces of the Bishop of Winchester. After years of disrepair the building was all but demolished in 1441, most of the remains being reused at Wolvesey Palace.As seen in the print, the site was marked by a fine circular earthwork surrounded by a deep ditch, with traces of a second line of banks outside. A remnant of the curtain wall (7 feet thick) remains on the south.The medieval earthworks themselves lie in the middle of an Iron Age hillfort.Reference: Peach, D Len. 1995 (2nd edition). Merdone: the history of Hursley Park, p. 15-22.

Place

Hursley, Hampshire

Subject

building, castle, earthwork, Merdon Castle, Merden Castle, Iron Age hillfort, Wolvesey Castle

Name Subject

King Henry II, Henry de Blois, Bishop of Winchester

Content Type

Print

Location

Winchester Library - Jewry Street

Local Ref

H 72.81; 746

Collection

Images

Object ID/Record ID

O2512

Image ID

1187
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image hs-hl-hs5727-i-00-000.jpg

IPR

Hampshire Library and Information Service - Hampshire County Council
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